THE PROBLEM OF PARTICIPATION IN PLATO

     Plato’s[1] philosophy constitutes a brilliant synthesis of the two irreconcilable metaphysical positions: heraclidean becoming and eleaticstate. If for Parmenides the immutable and eternal nature of the being was obvious, for Heraclit of Ephesus becoming is raised to the rank of universal principle. The first removes the contradiction, while the second one promotes it. Plato accepts both programs, separating the ontological registers referred to by the two presocratics, realizing that they concern different things. Becoming is valid for senses only, in the physical world, while eleatic immobility applies to pure essences. In two[2] of his famous dialogues[3], the founder of the Academy presents his theory of ideas that works a radical separation between intelligible and sensitive. The intelligible is eternal, and it consists of ideas, forms that are universal in things. Compared to these original paradigms, individual things are just simulacra of the true reality.

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Published in: on Martie 29, 2012 at 6:27 pm  Lasă un comentariu  

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