Taking into account the various types of Cioran’s interrogation, that involve both theology scepticism and existential ontology, we may say that the thinker is not a lonely figure, isolated from the questions that the twentieth century has posed to a bimillenarian metaphysical tradition. Cioran should not be considered as having an atypical attitude, or being a singular case, as Diogenes the Cynic was for instance with regard to the two Athenian Schools: the academy and the Lyceum; but in a far wider context, where the peculiar becomes rule and paradigm. Cioran is definitely an exception and a novelty on the Romanian philosophical scene. There were obviously some precedents with the like of Eminescu and Bacovia, yet these forerunners were basically characterised by balanced nihilism brought about by an ontological and axiological positivism. Nevertheless, Cioran presents a clearly Western cultural ancestry; for, that which appeared as complete novelty in the Romanian context, had become in fact in the Western one a paradigm, a philosophical genre that had its own founders and implicitly its own classics.
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